Tamaev Pavel Mikhaylovich, Doctor of philological sciences, professor, sub-department of Russian philology
and culturology, Ivanovo State University (39 Ermaka street, Ivanovo, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The essence of creative searches by Aksakov as a poet is shown in a special semantic field: on the one hand the study analyses the articles by N. V. Gogol on originality of the Russian poetry, on the other – the word by Aksakov himself written in his historical-literary work about Tyutchev. The present article has a very interesting subject which is a motive-image structure and style of Aksakov’s poetry. Therefore the goal of the reflections is to deeper and more completely comprehend the spiritual searches of Russian writers of 1840-1870s. Quite topical is an idea by N.N. Strakhov, stated in his book about Pushkin: “It is important to know how to follow a writer or an artist wherever he/she calls us, and to see whatever he/she shows us”.
Results. Creative search of his own topic was implemented by Aksakov in program compositions. Conceptually important point of the article is the idea about the way of life and creativity of a poet of another generation in another literary epoch, i.e. whether he/she remains in the framework of a style of his/her times or the quality of his/her poetry changes. I.S. Aksakov understood that it was the substance his was rooting in, and not his personal fiction, and especially strongly and precisely expressed that the searched was found, that he was not creating, but reproducing while observing and describing his subject. This he proved with his creations and his personal life. Practical value of the research consists in the possibility to use the present materials in development of special courses devoted to topical problems of the Russian poetry.
Conclusions. The Aksakov’s oeuvre is considered in aggregate: the researcher analyses the poems, letters, articles. Different in its generic belonging, Aksakov’s works quasi “flow” one into another, as they are interconnected ideologically and topically. Projection of the personal fate on the creative results appears to have a fundamentally methodological meaning by the example of Aksakov’s poetry due to the fact that he could elevate his life into poetry in the capacity of his epoch.
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